Identify and document hazards to formulate safety protocols that immediately rectify the issues causing the hazards
Published 28 Apr 2022
A Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) is a technique that aims to identify work-related dangers before they occur. It focuses on key elements such as work environment, tasks, tools, and workers to help organizations control and mitigate the risks. JHA helps analyze work activities, processes, and equipment to identify rectification needs to develop a better work arrangement in accomplishing tasks. It also helps identify existing and potential hazards to determine the methods to eliminate them or protect employees against them. Being unable to perform JHA can lead to greater organizational damage including employee accidents, near misses, or worse, fatality.
Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) and Job Safety Analysis (JSA) are commonly interchangeable as they have the same goal which is to identify workplace hazards and implement safety measures to reduce risks. JHA and JSA both contain three specific structures:
In addition to these 3 structures, JHA adds risk assessment to the JSA procedure by including an evaluation of risk at each step to classify the likelihood, probability, and severity of consequences.
It’s important to incorporate the requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards when performing JSA.. It helps organizations ensure that the health and safety program complies with federal standards.
Yes. Generally, OSHA requires hazard assessments and provides detailed guidelines for conducting a JHA. It aims to encourage employees to use the information to recognize workplace hazards so they can immediately report them for rectification and maintain a robust health and safety management system.
Performing JHA processes may be tedious but doing so will most likely result in fewer worker injuries and illnesses, reduced compensation costs, increased productivity, and safer and more effective work methods. To conduct effective JHAs, follow these 5 simple steps:
Performing a JHA can be challenging but with proper guidance and communication with employees, jobs can be easily broken down into specific tasks for hazard identification and risk control implementation. Here is an example of a job hazard analysis:
Job Title: Welder
Analyst: Carl Joe
Date: January 21, 2022
Task Description: The worker is performing weld for the construction of stair handrails.
Hazard Type: Physical hazard
Hazard Description: Arc can cause severe eye damage that can lead to employee blindness
Consequence: Major injuries
Job Hazard Analysis Example | iAuditor
JHA forms are traditionally printed on paper and are prone to damage or loss. Capturing photo evidence and collating hazard information to create a job hazard analysis report can be burdensome to safety officers when they use paper forms. But this hassle can be avoided by using iAuditor by SafetyCulture, an inspection app accessible through web and mobile platforms that can help organizations ensure compliance with federal regulations. With iAuditor, you can:
To get you started we have prepared a job hazard analysis form checklist to assist you with your inspection. We also have free checklist templates available in the Public Library that can be used by any employee. For existing PDF, Word Document, Excel, or PowerPoint files that the business is already using, they can be converted into iAuditor checklists for free up to 3 files.
A JHA form is used by safety officers to identify and evaluate hazards associated with the job. It helps them identify existing and potential hazards, check for methods to eliminate the risks, and recommend control measures to protect employees from potential threats.
Jona Tarlengco is a content writer and researcher for SafetyCulture since 2018. She usually writes about safety and quality topics, contributing to the creation of well-researched articles. Her 5-year experience in one of the world’s leading business news organisations helps enrich the quality of the information in her work.
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